5 edition of Gasoline toxicity found in the catalog.
by U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services, Public Health Service, Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry in Atlanta, GA
Written in English
|Statement||guest contributor, David Logan ; guest editor, Richard Dart|
|Series||Case studies in environmental medicine -- 31|
|Contributions||Dart, Richard, United States. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, DeLima Associates|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||23|
Renal Toxicity of Whole Unleaded Gasoline, Fractions of Unleaded Gas- oline, Various Naphthas, and Some Individual Components, in Male Rats (Haider et al., ) This study was designed to evaluate, in greater detail, the components of unleaded gasoline in the less volatile fractions responsible for the induction of renal toxicity in rats. 4 • Handbook for Handling, Storing, and Dispensing E85 and Other Ethanol Blends • September Also known as ethyl alcohol or grain alcohol, ethanol (C 2H 5OH) is an oxygenated hydrocarbon compound. In the United States, it is produced primarily from corn. The starch contained in the corn is converted into sugar.
Looney Gas and Lead Poisoning: A Short, Sad History. Author’s note: Most people don’t realize that we knew in the s that leaded gasoline was extremely dangerous. Principles of Toxicology The Study of Poisons WATER BIOLOGY Gasoline and diesel exhaust Spraying of agricultural chemicals Water Discharges Descriptive Toxicology: The science of toxicity testing to provide information for safety evaluation and regulatory Size: 1MB.
Gasoline can however be well absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract. The main target organ of gasoline toxicity is the nervous system and at high doses, this effect can cause death within minutes.. However, generally, the primary cause of mortality seems to be related to gasoline's toxicity to the lungs. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a colorless gas. In its solid form, it is used as dry ice. It can be found in spring water and is released when volcanoes erupt, trees are cut down, or fossil fuels and products made from them such as oil, gasoline, and natural gas are burned. More.
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Leaking underground storage tanks are a growing environmental problem. Of the estimated million underground gasoline storage tanks in the United States, about 85% have no protection against corrosion.
Gasoline inhalation exposures to the general public during self-service automobile refueling probably are not a significant health risk. Misuse of gasoline as a solvent or cleaner can cause. The acute toxicity of gasoline; its components benzene, toluene, and xylene; and the additives ethanol, methanol, and methyl tertiary butyl ether are reviewed.
All of these chemicals are only moderately to mildly toxic at acute doses. Because of their volatility, these compounds Gasoline toxicity book not extensively absorbed dermally unless the exposed skin is Cited by: Print book: National government publication: EnglishView all editions and formats: Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.
Subjects: Gasoline -- Toxicology -- Case studies. Gasoline -- Toxicology -- Examinations, questions, etc. Gasoline -- toxicity. View all subjects; More like this: Similar Items. A Toxicological Profile for Gasoline was released on September 6, This edition supersedes any previously released draft or final profile.
Toxicological profiles are revised and republished as necessary, but no less than once every three years. For information regarding the update status of previously released profiles, contact ATSDR at.
Gasoline toxicity book If gasoline gets into the lungs (aspiration), serious and possibly permanent lung damage can occur.
The harsh taste of gasoline makes it unlikely that large quantities will be swallowed. However, several cases of poisoning have occurred in people trying to suck (siphon) gas from an automobile tank using a garden hose or other tube.
Gasoline poisoning can be either acute, subacute or chronic and can be due to accidental or intentional inhalation of gasoline fumes or ingestion of gasoline. Adverse effects are caused by the hydrocarbons present in this compound and these can affect different organ systems.
Children are more vulnerable to toxicity compared to adults. Gasoline is a necessity in many industries. Gas is the primary fuel used to make most engine-powered vehicles work.
The hydrocarbon components of gasoline make it : Kristeen Moore. Gasoline poisoning in dogs occurs when dogs come in contact with aliphatic hydrocarbons, which are commonly known as butane, methane, propane, and gasoline.
Gasoline is a readily-used substance in which dogs can become into contact with, especially if it is not stored properly in the home of the dog or on the property in which the dog resides. Inhalation of an even higher dose of unleaded gasoline vapor (∼ ppm) did not produce developmental toxicity in mice (Roberts et al., ).
Overall, there is a lack of evidence in animals that exposure to gasoline vapors leads to reproductive and developmental toxicity, whereas there is limited evidence of such toxicity in humans.
Gasoline, gas, or petrol (see the etymology for naming differences) is a clear petroleum-derived flammable liquid that is used primarily as a fuel in most spark-ignited internal combustion consists mostly of organic compounds obtained by the fractional distillation of petroleum, enhanced with a variety of average, a U.S.-gallon (liter) barrel of crude oil can.
Book Microform: National government publication: Microfiche: EnglishView all editions and formats: Rating: (not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first. Subjects: Gasoline -- Toxicology -- Programmed instruction.
Gasoline -- Toxicology. Gasoline -- toxicity. More like this: Similar Items. The crucial study in redefining the toxicity of aliphatic hydrocarbons is an inhalation bioassay of unleaded gasoline conducted by the American Petroleum Institute in The study found increased kidney tumors in male rats and liver tumors in female mice.
The rat portion of the study gave definitely clear evidence of carcinogenic activity. SUMMARY Gasoline storage and handling operations are known to be major contributors of hydrocarbon emissions in the United States. Because gasoline contains a wide range of compounds (some of which are known to be toxic), the purpose of this report is to provide information needed to assess the toxicity of gasoline vapors and to describe major variables affecting the composition of.
Toxicity of crude oil depends on the relative content of kerosene, naphtha, and gasoline. Sweet crude oil (high gasoline, naphtha, and kerosene content) at ~50 mL/kg and sour crude oil (low fractions of gasoline, naphtha, and kerosene) at 75 mL/kg exposure for 1 wk have caused aspiration pneumonia.
Gasoline. Related Pages. Synonyms & Trade Names Motor fuel, Motor spirits, Natural gasoline, Petrol [Note: A complex mixture of volatile hydrocarbons (paraffins, cycloparaffins, and aromatics).] CAS No.
RTECS No. LX DOT ID & Guide. Formula. Conversion. 1 ppm = 4. Gasoline is a blended product manufactured to meet the needs of the automotive industry while adhering to the requirements of government environmental regulations. Gasoline is most often predominantely comprised of aromatic compounds in the range of C 4 to C 12 (see Figure a).Exceptions may be encountered, such as with some premium gasolines in Canada .
Her comic book Meatcake has been published by Fantagraphics since Her other publications include Frightful Fairytales (), Dame Darcy s Meatcake Compilation () and The Illustrated Jane Eyre ().
She also sings and plays bass in the group Death by Doll, whose debut album, Gasoline, was released in /5(9). Overview of Canine Gasoline and Petroleum Toxicity.
Gasoline and other petroleum products are not among the top animal poisons, but they can cause illness if ingested or exposed to the most common petroleum products associated with illness in dogs include motor oil, gasoline, kerosene, propane and diesel.
Toxicity is the degree to which a chemical substance or a particular mixture of substances can damage an organism. Toxicity can refer to the effect on a whole organism, such as an animal, bacterium, or plant, as well as the effect on a substructure of the organism, such as a cell (cytotoxicity) or an organ such as the liver (hepatotoxicity).By extension, the word may be metaphorically used to.
Products that have an aromatic, ring-like chemical structure, such as benzene, are most likely to cause systemic toxicity (throughout the body).
Putting petroleum products like gasoline or kerosene on a dog’s skin, or near its mouth, will poison it. Dogs are sometimes exposed to these products through exposure to accidental spills, and. The case definition of acute, unexplained respiratory distress syndrome consisted of either of the following findings in any patient presenting after January 1, unexplained adult respiratory distress syndrome or radiographic evidence of acute, bilateral, interstitial pulmonary infiltrates with hypoxemia (arterial oxygen saturation, less than 90 percent while the patient is breathing room.Gasoline is a complex mixture containing as many as separate hydrocarbons including several with well-established toxicity (e.g., benzene, toluene, xylenes, and n-hexane).
However, there is little information available regarding the potential effects from long .Acute Toxicity Values: Acute Toxicity Estimate: Oral mg/kg Gasoline: Oral rat LD50 > mg/kg, Inhalation rat LC50 > mg/L/4 hr, Dermal rabbit LD50 > mg/kg Gasoline.